Two new species of miniature frogs have been discovered in New Guinea. These are thought to be the smallest frogs in the world. Just how small are these frogs? Read on to find out.
All of the frogs that belong to the genus Paedophryne are very small. Field researcher Fred Kraus of the Bishop Museum in Honolulu has now found two new species of the genus Paedophryne in southeastern New Guinea that are even smaller than any previously discovered.
These two newly discovered species of frogs, named Paedophryne dekot and Paedophryne verrucosa, are only 8-9 millimeters in length! That’s small enough to comfortably fit on your pinky nail. Not only are these the smallest frogs in the world, they are also the smallest tetrapods, a classification that includes all vertebrates (animals with backbones) except fish.
This photo is of a different species in the same genus, Paedophryne kathismaphlox.
Image via Wikimedia Commons.
The miniature size of these frogs has an effect on their ability to do certain things. Their digits are so small that they are unable to climb, so these tiny creatures live in leaf litter and moss on the forest floor. While most frogs lay many eggs at a time, the females of the species can only carry two eggs, which would limit their reproductive ability. On the other hand, being that small would probably make it easier for them to hide from predators.
Published in: Pets