Common Health Risks in Pomeranians

Ever wanted to know health risks for Pomeranians? This is for you.

Did you know that smaller dogs generally live longer than larger dogs, mostly because they don’t suffer as many serious skeletal and cardiovascular diseases as larger dogs? Their bones and joints don’t need to support as much weight, so they don’t break down as quickly. Their heart doesn’t need to pump blood through a huge body, so it doesn’t wear out as quickly. Small dogs usually live from 14-16 years old.
One of the three dogs that I own is a Pomeranian. She is a beautiful two and a half year old red haired princess. But there are a lot of health problems that can occur with Pomeranians’. A common problem in most Pomeranian’s is called a Collapsing trachea. If your Pomeranian makes a honking noise or sounds like he is coughing up a hairball, the problem may be his trachea. It can be diagnosed with an X-ray and usually medication is prescribed to reduce coughing. This can be a life-threatening problem. My Pomeranian does this every now and then after eating or drinking. It actually freaked me out the first time but now I am so used to it; it seems funny; mean, I know.
Another common issue Pomeranians’ have is Luxating patella or dislocated patella. This is when the kneecap moves from its normal place. Toy and small dogs are at risk of this condition. You will notice your dog hopping for a few steps. Entropion, which is an eye defect in which the eyelid turns in towards the eyeball, is an issue with Pomeranians’. This causes the hairs or lashes to rub against the surface of the eye. This condition may involve either the upper or lower eyelids or even a combination of both. Typically Pomeranian’s will have both eyes affected. The condition is very painful for the dog and will cause their eyes to water and the hairs on the face may become stained from the tears. To correct this problem surgery is required. The signs of this condition include lots of tearing, red eyes and squinting. If the condition is not corrected as soon as possible then it can result in damage to the eye or blindness.
Lastly, a condition called Patent Ductus Arteriosus or PDA commonly affects Pomeranian’s. It is a type of congenital heart disease that can lead to heart failure and death. It can be corrected at an early age. The female is twice as likely to get PDA as the males. By eight months of age half the dogs that are not treated will develop left sided heart failure. Other breeds aside from the Pomeranian that are affected by this condition include the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, German Shepherds, Toy and Miniature Poodles, Collies, Cocker Spaniels and Shetland Sheepdogs.
Any dog that you own will have certain health concerns for that particular breed. It is inevitable. But you can always take precautions to keep your dog healthy. Make sure you take him/her to her annual vet appointments. Also, when looking at the puppy you are about to buy from the breeder, make sure you can take a look at the parents. Do some research on the type of breed you are interested in and look at the common health risks. Make sure the parents haven’t had issues that you researched. Healthy parents can equal a healthy puppy.

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