Skilled home economics tips.
Alas, from spots not going anywhere, no matter how careful we are. And if the family already has children, then each owner is very fast unwittingly becomes a specialist in removing stains.
Guides and tips for stain removal are many, but most importantly, expertly and correctly apply them. And yet it is very important to understand. that not all stains can be removed by without damaging its products so heavily contaminated and spotted the product is best to give a dry-cleaning.
But some spots can be displayed in your home. Many fresh stains can easily disappear after copious washing with water (except for spots of grease, wax, tar) But the old stains appear much harder to fresh. When removing stains is necessary to clarify the action Stain removal funds for the fabric and its color (prepared by rubbing the composition of the fabric in place unobtrusive).
Alcohol and acid, dissolve some paints, so use them for colored fabrics should be cautious. Alkali and bleaching agents may only be used to remove stains from white Kanaio. If the product is made of acetate silk, you can not use acetic acid and acetone, which it is dissolved. Bleach and harmful effect on cotton and other fabrics, so it is recommended to apply a small amount and rinse with water.
Before proceeding to remove the stains, the product must be cleaned of dust: to knock or shake dry and clean at first, and then a damp brush (otherwise the fabric may be formed divorces). When wetted by a solution of small spots use a dropper or a sharpened wooden stick.
Large patches should be wiped from the edges towards the middle. To prevent the formation of divorces (halos), it is necessary to moisten the fabric around the stain with water, gasoline or fill talc, starch. If the product can be washed, many stains can be removed by washing with soap and water, soda or other detergents.
To remove stains better to use the special stain, commercially available. Ways of applying these funds are listed on the vials or in the attached instructions.
There are special wipes to remove grease and oil stains from fabrics. Under the spot should put a white cloth. A folded napkin to put on the spot and pressed hard. Then remove the towel, quickly replace the tissue under the stain and rub with a tissue edge blur until dry cloth.
Grease (vegetable and animal oils, lard, fish oil, castor oil, etc.) with a light cotton, linen, wool and silk are removed as follows. Fresh stains should fill dry powder chalk, talc or magnesia on both sides of fabric, cover with white paper, top it with some heavy object (eg, iron) and leave for a day, then clean off powder.
Spots on dark fabrics better sleep powder from the inside, because on the face may leave traces of powder. With white and. lighter fabrics, as well as paper, books, etc., stains can be removed from the paste mixture of gasoline and dry powder chalk made in such quantities as to obtain a thick paste. Need to spread the paste on the stain with a thick layer of lightly rub your finger and leave for several hours. Dried mass of carefully clean off brush. If the spot immediately remove failed, you should lubricate his mouth for another 2-3 times.
You can also remove the stains by rubbing them with gasoline, turpentine, acetone or a mixture (equal parts). A damp cloth before cleaning it with gasoline to be dried. Dried grease stains before cleaning gasoline recommended lightly to soften the butter. Before cleaning the edges should be slightly moisten the spot, a spot put a cotton wool or absorbent paper. You can fill up the edge spots starch, and after removing the stain of his carefully clean off.
Most of the toxic solvents. Inhalation of vapors may cause headache, and sometimes loss of consciousness, so the room where cleaning is performed, should be well ventilated. Poisonous and flammable funds should be stored in glass containers with ground glass stopper with an appropriate inscription, in places inaccessible to children.
Rub to a shine to the place of wool and silk to wool to wipe with a cloth dampened with gasoline, acetone, ammonia or their mixture (equal parts). Excess fluid is removed blotting or tissue paper.
Remaining traces of spots to wipe with a solution of ammonia (1 teaspoon per cup of water). Pre-need to check the action of ammonia solution on the stain fabric, or fabric can fade.
Rub to a shine place on the collars, sleeves, and the upholstery can be cleaned with a strong infusion of tea. Rub to a shine on the seat location on woolen cloth with clean dry fine sand: cloth moisten with warm water, pour a small layer of sand and wipe with a stiff brush, lightly moistened with water and then to iron through the wet fabric.
Stains from iodine with light cotton, wool and silk fabrics can be removed by wiping them with a solution hyposulfite (1 teaspoon to 1 cup of warm water) and rinse.
Stains from cosmetics with white cotton, linen and wool fabrics remove ammonia, then rinse the cloth with water. You can use detergent. The remaining spots in addition to wipe the solution of 3-percent hydrogen peroxide, then rinse with water. Stains from cosmetics containing fats, with wool and silk fabrics of different colors are removed as well as grease.
Spots of blood. To remove these spots is better to use a special liquid stain remover. In the absence of stain remover product should be soaked in cold water for several hours (in the water, add a little liquid ammonia). With white cotton, linen, wool fabrics can be derived stain with hydrogen peroxide.
Old stains from white cotton and linen fabrics, is not removed during washing, deduce ammonia (1 teaspoon to 1 cup of water) or borax solution (1 teaspoon to 1 cup water). The remaining spots should be further wiped with a solution of hydrogen peroxide, heated to 50 – 60 “C. After removing the stain product is to rinse thoroughly, adding water a little vinegar.
Stains from oil paint and paint finish. A good remedy is a mixture of gasoline with turpentine or acetone (in equal parts). Stain to moisten the mixture and leave for 20-30 minutes, then wipe with a cloth dampened with the same mixture. With white fabric stains can be removed with a paste prepared from turpentine, ammonia and chalk powder (equal parts). Grease stain, and a few hours to clean and wipe with gasoline, acetone, or turpentine.
Stains from tea, cotton and linen fabrics are removed during washing, followed by bleaching.
Stains from coffee, cocoa, we recommend treating the 3-percent solution of ammonia diluted with warm water (in equal parts). On white cotton or linen clothes stains from coffee, cocoa, usually disappear when boiled with persalts or bleaches.
Spots from the beer and white wine with white cotton and linen fabrics are easy to remove when washing with soap, soda and vodka (2 tbsp. Tablespoons to 1 liter of water). On silk and wool dyed fabrics, which can not be washed, stains can be rubbed with a mixture of the following: glycerin (1 part) vodka (3 parts) and ammonia solution (1 part).
Stains of sweat and urine. Fresh stains from sweat with silk, cotton and linen fabrics of different colors disappear if rubbed with a solution of salt (1 tbsp. Tablespoon to 1 cup water) or solution hyposulfite (1 teaspoon to 1 cup water). Sweat stains on white cotton and linen to wipe with a mixture of salt and ammonia or borax (1 teaspoon to 1 cup of water) and rinse. With dyed wool fabrics such stains can be removed occasionally by wiping them with a solution of vinegar or citric acid (1 teaspoon to 1 cup water).
Stains of paraffin, stearin, wax with cotton, linen, wool and silk are removed with gasoline or turpentine, after gently scraped off the mark. Fresh stains can be removed as follows: a spot on the front and the inside cover with blotting paper and iron is not very hot iron. Paper should be changed as it clogging.
Spots on fruit, berries and red wine should be removed as soon as possible. Fresh stains from towels, linens and other products made of fabrics with a solid color can wash out with boiling water: fabric with a stain should pull over some dishes (basin, a bucket) and pour boiling water over the stain until then, until it disappears. If not
opportunities immediately remove the stain, then a fresh spot to fill the table salt and then remove one of the following methods. With colored cotton, linen, wool and silk fabrics, stains can be removed as follows: load the product with the stain for several minutes in hot water, then washed off with water and detergent.
Spots on the eggs with colored cotton, linen and wool fabrics of different colors to lubricate warmed glycerine and leave for 15-20 minutes. Then wipe with a cloth moistened with glycerine, and rinse with water.
With white cotton, linen and wool fabrics spots derive a mixture of ammonia solution (1 part) and water (10 parts): Moisten stain with a solution, then wipe with the same solution and, if necessary, treated the place faded.
Published in: Homemaking