Mold fungi from biology to control and prevention methods.
Mold fungi from biology to control and prevention methods
Mold fungi is known as an entire heterogeneous group of fungi (fungi) forming specific increase. Mold fungi can grow relatively quickly and heterotrophic feeding.
Biology: mold fungi are a natural part incorporated into our environment. Mycelium of these fungi grows on a variety of different substrates as saprobionte or parasitic organisms. Young asexual fungi form spores. The term “mold” actually refers only to that stage. In subsequent stages of evolution can occur through sexual reproduction. The spores of mold fungi can be found everywhere in the environment, and therefore indoors. Summer air contains a concentration of 3,000 spores per m2 of mold fungi and winter concentration of 50 spores per m2. Spore density layer is innocent and harmless to organisms building materials. Spores collected on different surfaces.
If mushrooms are on a given area optimal environmental conditions such as moisture, nourishing organic material, temperature and pH optimum convenience, which makes that area an appropriate layer, then set the mushrooms on it and begin germination. Mushrooms wallpapers are sufficient nutrients, gypsum boards, wood, glue (cellulose) and plastics, laminate wall, the flooring and carpets. The presence of mold fungus is noticed only when they have already formed large colonies and began to bleach the surface layer on which they settled.
Distribution: mold fungi can be found. Especially in the homes of older buildings, wet (walls: mold on walls, floors, etc.). But new buildings and homes may be affected; the humidity of construction materials is still high enough to allow growth and development of mold fungi. Also, many species of mold fungi can be found on food.
Causes of mold fungi: growth of mold fungi is determined primarily by three environmental factors: moisture, food supply and temperature. The oxygen level and pH value plays a role, although secondary fungal growth. Increased humidity inside the room comes either directly access the humidity outside, for example damaged roofs, gutters on the house, cracks in walls, insufficient drying after undertaking the construction or repair (wet waste materials) and penetration due to water pipe breakage, floods, etc. or, on the other hand, because in those rooms there is no air circulation sufficient to reduce moisture accumulated therein. Causes for the latter are inadequate heating and ventilation of the rooms, moisture condensation (dew) in the air on cold walls and areas of construction defect, for example, insulating glass intermediate space, which also lead to condensation of vapor from the air along that fault zone.
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