Mulberry tree cultivation.
The mulberry trees belonging to the family Moraceae, genus Morus. The white mulberry (Morus alba L.) and ‘a species native to central and eastern Asia. Grows up to 15 m, and ‘was imported into Europe with the silkworm and that’ fond of its leaves. Up to half ‘of 900 was used to great effect, then, with the emergence of synthetic fibers, the rearing of silkworms and’ disappearing and with it went the white mulberry. The black mulberry (Morus nigra L.) and ‘very similar to the previous species. Native of Asia and Iran, probably introduced into Europe in the sixteenth century.
Dense, dark-green and shiny upper, more ‘clear bottom. The flowers are unisexual (plant monoecious), rarely bisexual, the male ones are arranged in cylindrical spikes 2-4 cm, pedunculated, the female in ovoid clusters. born in the armpit of the leaves in April. The fruit and ‘fleshy yellowish white with a sweet taste (with a bit tart), matures in June, July.
He is currently ‘very little used as a fruit plant given the unwelcome taste (sweet with a hint of sour.) The fruits were considered laxatives. Due to the high sugar content (22%), other Asian peoples used them as sweeteners, both fresh and dried, ground into flour. For fermentation and ‘possible to obtain an alcoholic beverage, the timber was used to make kitchen utensils and small inlay work. The use of the white mulberry tree was linked to the breeding of silkworms.
Jams, jellies, jams, sorbets, cakes, grappa, in the spirit. The use of fruit in fruit salad of berries enhances flavor and fragrance. Coloring and flavoring for ice cream, gives a blue-violet. In Central Italy and Sicily M. nigra is raised for local consumption. An infusion of leaves has antibiotic properties. The pulp is used in cosmetic masks for soothing dry skin, the juice is in use in lotions. Medicinal properties of fruits, leaves, roots and bark: expectorant, cleansing, laxative, tonic and refreshing, a time not so far were shown to soothe mouth sores, fatigue, constipation, and stomatitis. The more decorative varieties are also the most popular for the flavor of the fruit.
Published in: Gardening