Way how to do grafting oranges are easy.
Time for grafting is best done when the bark is lower and the upper stem easily exfoliated from the skin. When this occurs at the time of cell division in the cambium is actively ongoing
Age of rootstock for grafting can vary significantly depending on the type of crop. There are as young as 9 months can in grafting, but there are also more than four years can only be in grafting. But common in the grafting of plants can be more or less 1-year-old branches of thumb has been reache
Plants are used as rootstock must have the following characteristics:
1) The roots must be strong enough and able to adapt to unfavorable soil conditions
2) Speed to grow in accordance with the upper stem is used, so that they can live together in ideal and in a certain time.
3) stems and roots are strong enough so as to hold the upper stem, especially in heavy fruiting plants.
4) It reduces the quantity and quality of fruit on the plants that form as a result of the connection
Plants that have to be used as the stem upwards following properties:
1) Derived from healthy trees, especially free from diseases caused by bacteria and viruses.
2) Derived from the tree that its properties in accordance with the desired properties.
3) It reduces the quality of rootstock, the plant formed as a result of the connection.
Eye Tunas decision
For the buds should be taken from a tree branch that has been selected and meet several requirements. Taken branches do not show symptoms of yellowing and mutation. Do not take the stick at a time when the daytime, because the situation is less good time branch
Decision-buds can be done 3 ways, thus the eye patch can be obtained in accordance with the methods used. Etiga kinds of buds making the rectangle, slice, and round. Rectangular shape is obtained by slicing horizontally 1.5 cm above and below the eye, then the ends of the wedge we associate to form a rectangle
Insertion Eye Tunas
We must do this step carefully. Principal success of grafting was at the time of inserting buds. Buds that we get our rods inserted under the skin of the subject that has been sliced. Or when using a sharp knife buds this sphere we attach right on round slices we have previously made. The insertion or attachment of buds do not get any dirt on the cambium, as it may interfere with the merging of attachment
Binding of the patch
As for grafting seedlings, cut the bottom stem is the nursery seed rod. While the upper rod comes from the ‘eye patch’ parent trees grow sideways. On the spot ‘eye patch’, the skin patch is used to show the real
To bind the patch we can use the plastic tape. The size of the commonly used plastic tape length of 20 cm, 1.5 cm width, and thickness of 1 mm. Binding to the patch from the ground up, or often called the critical systems. Noteworthy in this binding is the eye patch so do not be tied too hard dpat cause damage to the eye patch. These eyes may not be tied, but the danger is when the rain will rot
opening of the incision
After approximately two weeks from the time of binding, it was now time to check the success of grafting. We open bond, if it views the eye patch. If the color of the eye patch that has become a reddish green or black, this means we are not successful grafting or his eye patch did not work. But if the eye patch still looks fresh and green are attached to the main stem, is a sign that we are successful grafting
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