How to Apply a Tourniquet

Rubber is a tourniquet is a kind of tailor-made rubber tube, on the spot can use rubber strips, bike tire alternatives such as. Use to make a tourniquet on body appropriate areas, like the upper brachial should put middle-upper 1/3 place, In the lower extremities thigh 1/3 place. In the first part of the cushion layer on soft cloth, such as towel, mask, etc. To protect the skin. Rescuers with left thumb and forefinger and middle finger hold a tourniquet head end, the right hand will rubber tube taut around the body lap after pinned head end, again after a circle around the body will be right hand hold polypyrimidine put people left index finger, middle finger by between two laps from the middle finger clamping tail under a tourniquet pull half, make it become a slipknot. If need to loosen a tourniquet, just will end pull out can.

In the first aid basically USES in rubber tourniquets and cloth sex a tourniquet. 

Rubber is a tourniquet is a kind of tailor-made rubber tube, on the spot can use rubber strips, bike tire alternatives such as. Use to make a tourniquet on body appropriate areas, like the upper brachial should put middle-upper 1/3 place, In the lower extremities thigh 1/3 place. In the first part of the cushion layer on soft cloth, such as towel, mask, etc. To protect the skin. Rescuers with left thumb and forefinger and middle finger hold a tourniquet head end, the right hand will rubber tube taut around the body lap after pinned head end, again after a circle around the body will be right hand hold polypyrimidine put people left index finger, middle finger by between two laps from the middle finger clamping tail under a tourniquet pull half, make it become a slipknot. If need to loosen a tourniquet, just will end pull out can. 

Cloth sex with bandages or cloth around a tourniquet is made of a tourniquet. The first aid can be used when towels, clothes tear cloth instead of bandages. Will cloth belt winding limb lap after knot, insert a small circle sticks heave tight, the side wring side watching bleeding, arterial hemorrhage just stopped namely for tightness moderately. Then will sticks fixed with a cloth. 

A tourniquet use method is simpler, but use principle is relatively complicated. Only accurately mastering these principles use proper, can rise to save a life and limb function, otherwise will lead to amputation disability. 

1. On a tourniquet before, should first will hurt limb vein, prompting one raise blood flows back to body, thus reduce blood loss. 

2. On a tourniquet should be located in effective hemostatic premise, close the bleeding. But in the upper arm midway forbids the use of a tourniquet, because there the radial nerve point on the surface, a tourniquet from humerus oppression can cause damage, and the radial nerve forearm function of future hard to restore below. 

3. A tourniquet cannot directly tied to the limb, preparation of a tourniquet part should be first mat layer dressing, towels and other soft cloth mat, to protect the skin. 

4. Use towels, large handkerchief, site making cloth sex is a tourniquet should, when the first fold growth strip, wide about 5 centimeters, so that to receive strength evenly. Don’t use wire, wire, thin string etc interloper and inelastic, because these items earmark tourniquets goods not only hemostatic effect is not ideal but also injures the skin, for in the future treatment and rehabilitation trouble. 

5. Tie a tourniquet when its firmness with just pinned arterial hemorrhage advisable. The belt overtighten easy create a tourniquet place skin, nerves, blood vessels and muscle injury, and even cause body distal necrosis, go against future injury limbs functional recovery, The belt too loose only pinned vein not pinned arteries, blood cannot only leave, in not only can not reach the hemostatic purpose aggraate bleeding. With standard of success and distal artery hemorrhages stop, pulses to disappear, acromegaly become white. 

6. On a tourniquet wounded make a visible logo and the tourniquets near or skin clear write with time. To prevent injury limb ischemia necrosis, every 40 ~ 60 minutes relax a tourniquet l ~ 2 minutes, pine belt when the movement wants slow, but also need acupressure wound to reduce bleeding. If the wounded whole body condition is poor, the wound is big, the amount of bleeding, can be appropriately extended relax a tourniquet time intervals. But a tourniquet use the total time can’t exceed 5 hours, otherwise the distal limb are unlikely to survive. If already more than nine hours paitient still on the way to hospital, then thereafter no longer timing relax a tourniquet, because of its distal limb has no surviving possibility. Necrotic cellular releases the potassium ion, muscle red protein and peptide etc toxic substances. Body if this time loose solution, the toxic materials with venous inflows body, produce poisoning, can lead to cardiac arrest and sudden death. With this truth is same, in quake-hit first aid, if the wounded body buried pressure for a long time, blood anoxic already happened tissue necrosis, to prevent backflow body toxins, should quickly will be pressure limbs with a tourniquet ligation, then remove are crushed objects, and then sent to hospital for further processing. 

0
Liked it

Published in: Do-It-Yourself

Tags:

RSSPost a Comment
comments powered by Disqus
-->