Procedure text is kind of genre : factual genre. How do you write this kind of text, let me elaborate in the following explanation.
To begin with, it is important to elaborate the procedure text it self. It is one kind of genre that should be learnt in high school. In writing a procedure text, first, the purpose of writing should be meet with the social function of the procedure it self.
To keep clear, a procedural text is used to tell someone how to do or make something. This type of text comes in many forms, for example instruction manual and cooking recipes.
In addition, the text must be consists of three parts. They are
1. Title/Goal : It states the goal to be achieved.
2. List of Material : It lists the materials needed. It often gives detail on the size, color, shapes, quantity, etc.
List of Equipments : It lists the equipments needed. It also often gives detai on the size, color, shapes, quantity, etc.
3. Steps : It describes steps in logical order to achieve the goal. The steps are often marked with number (1, 2, 3, …), letter (a, b, c, …). Sometimes the steps include caution/warming. There are also drawing or pictures t make the steps clear.
Finally, some significance lexicogrmmatical feature should be considered in writing a procedural text. They are as follows
1. Focus on Generalized human agents (you, the player, the water, the glass, etc)
2. Use mainly of Material Process (put, stir, click, throw, etc)
3. Use mainly of Temporal Conjunctions or numbering (first, the,, next, etc)
4. Use of Simple Present Tense, often Imperative (mix it well, stir, etc)
In summary, there are requirements that should be fulfilled in writing procedural text. The writer should consider the purpose of the writing, the generic structure, and the significance lexicogrammatical features of the text that he/she is going to write.
The following text is the example of procedure text.
PREPARING FRIED INSTANT NOODLE
1. Material and Equipment
- Fried instant noodle
- Water 400 cc
2. Cooking Instructions
- Boil 400ml (2 glasses) of water in a pan. Add noodle, stir slowly for 3 minutes.
- While the noodle is being cooked, put the seasoning, sweet soy sauce and chili sauce in a bowl.
- Take the cooked noodle from the boiling water and drain it.
- Put the cooked noodle into the bowl with seasoning, sweet soy sauce and chili sauce mix well.
- Sprinkle fried crispy onion.
- Finally the noodle is ready to be served.
Published in: Cooking